One particular factor alarmists adore to say is that marijuana legalization will bring about an enhance in violent crimes, theft and other important offences. Of course, there has under no circumstances been proof to back up such scare techniques.
But thanks to a current study, we now have some answers – and they are not what prohibitionists want to hear.
According to SciTechDaily, marijuana did not induce the psychotic, irrational behaviours depicted in Reefer Madness that – had they been accurate – would have led to an enhance in important crimes against men and women or home.
“Minimal to No Effect”
The study’s scope was restricted to two states – Washington and Colorado. Researchers chose them for the reason that they legalized the drug in 2012, effectively ahead of their (presently) nine counterparts. This gave them the widest berth for any trends in crime to totally establish themselves.
They then compared the crime prices in these two areas with 21 states exactly where marijuana is illegal recreationally and at least heavily restricted, if not banned, for healthcare use.
Researchers than looked at total FBI crime statistics from 1999 to 2016.
“A new study funded by a grant from the National Institute of Justice sought to decide the impact of this legal transform on crime prices. The study, which looked at legalization and sales of recreational cannabis in Colorado and Washington, located minimal to no impact on prices of violent and home crimes in these states… The study calculated how violent and home crimes changed for Colorado and Washington immediately after the legalization and retail sale, and compared the modifications to what occurred in states that had not legalized marijuana.”
Offered the truth that legalization is a hot subject in numerous states, research like these are much more essential than ever. But they are not generally so simple.
Previous research failed to give something helpful. In truth:
“Previous research have reported mixed and inconclusive outcomes on how legalizing cannabis impacts crime. Some politicians and advocacy groups have made use of these information to assistance their positions for and against legalization.”
Nonetheless, this newest analysis is a enormous improvement, according to its authors:
“In this new study, researchers made use of procedures that they say are much more rigorous than these made use of in prior analysis (i.e., quasi-experimental approaches that much more closely emulate experiments and give stronger proof) to decide no matter whether the legalization of cannabis led to modifications in crime prices.”
No Mention of Smaller sized Crimes
It is essential to clarify that the study only covered important crimes. The authors freely admit that their analysis did not cover “other sorts of crime,” such as marijuana-impaired driving.
They also mentioned that that the effects of marijuana laws can differ from 1 neighborhood to one more inside a state.
Nonetheless, this is nevertheless a get started. Dale W. Willits, an assistant professor in criminology and criminal justice from Washington State University, is a coauthor of the study. He says:
“As the nationwide debate about legalization, the federal classification of cannabis beneath the Controlled Substances Act, and the consequences of legalization for crime continues, it is vital to center that discussion on research that use contextualized and robust analysis styles with as couple of limitations as probable. This is but 1 study and legalization of marijuana is nevertheless comparatively new, but by replicating our findings, policymakers can answer the query of how legalization impacts crime.”
WeedAdvisor’s Help for Ongoing Analysis
Though we are delighted to hear about these current findings, we have an understanding of the limitations and the require for additional analysis. As worldwide specialists in cannabis organization options, WeedAdvisor desires to see the sector get a optimistic reputation and drop any misinformation or stigma from prohibition.
But the truth is that we require to acknowledge any drawbacks that exist in order to assure our function as educators remains trusted and objective. Hopefully, future researchers will apply the identical methodologies as the aforementioned study to shed light on other crimes and their connection to marijuana.