CBD is one of the 540 chemical compounds identified in the Cannabis sativa (C. sativa) plant. CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are both cannabinoids. These compounds act on cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and throughout the body.
Learn more about the differences between CBD and THC here.
Is CBD legal? Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Cannabis-derived CBD products, on the other hand, are illegal federally but legal under some state laws. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have not approved nonprescription CBD products, which may be inaccurately labeled.
Unlike CBD oil, which usually comes in a glass bottle with a dropper, CBD paste comes in a syringe. Due to its thick consistency, CBD paste is difficult to use with a dropper. A syringe, on the other hand, allows for easy and precise dosages.
Learn whether CBD can cause a “high” here.
One potential benefit of using CBD paste over other formulations is its versatility. Most manufacturers of CBD paste use natural oils, such as coconut oil or hemp oil, and other edible ingredients, such as butter. This means that people can take CBD paste sublingually by placing it under the tongue.
People can also consume CBD paste orally by mixing it into foods or drinks. People can also use it topically by applying it directly to their skin.
Learn about other types of CBD products here.
Current research suggests that CBD, in general, may offer a wide range of therapeutic benefits. One of the most well-researched effects is the clinical application of CBD for the treatment of epileptic seizures.
In a 2018 review article, researchers analyzed findings from four clinical trials that examined the use of CBD in people with uncontrolled epilepsy. According to their results, daily doses of 10 and 20 milligrams (mg) of CBD per kilogram (kg) of body weight led to at least a 50% reduction in seizure frequency.
A more recent 2020 study also pooled survey responses from 340 participants. According to the authors, most respondents who used CBD reported using it for stress relief, relaxation, and sleep.
The authors also reported that most consumers used uncontrolled doses, and over 50% of respondents experienced at least one side effect.
There is some evidence that chronic and acute administration of CBD can improve psychotic symptoms in people with schizophrenia.
There was insufficient data regarding safety issues in any of the studies included in the review. Most studies reported no adverse effects or side effects with acute administration of CBD, and mild to moderate adverse effects with chronic administration.
Learn more about an FDA-approved CBD drug for two rare forms of childhood epilepsy here.
- changes in appetite
- changes in weight
- liver damage
- fertility problems among males
In a 2017 study, researchers sought to identify the potential adverse interactions between the first and only FDA-approved prescription CBD treatment Epidiolex and traditional antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).
This study consisted of 39 adults and 42 children currently receiving treatment for epilepsy. CBD doses ranged from 5–50 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) of body weight per day.
The researchers identified significant adverse interaction between CBD and clobazam, topiramate, eslicarbazepine, zonisamide, and rufinamide.
Learn more about the side effects of CBD here.
Start with low doses. People who tolerate low doses of CBD can gradually increase their dose over time. Anyone who experiences adverse effects should discontinue use.
People who take prescription medication may want to consult their doctor before using CBD. A doctor may know whether or not CBD is likely to interact with their current medicine. They may also be able to recommend safe CBD doses.
Learn about CBD dosages here.
The FDA do not regulate or oversee the production or distribution of CBD paste. People interested in trying CBD paste or other CBD products should only buy from reputable manufacturers that fully utilize third-party testing.